How to position a product
To complete the positioning formula given above, you will need to fill in the blanks with specifics related to your brand. Two of the variables are easy to tackle: the name of your brand and its frame of reference, i.e. what products or services you are offering. The other three: target market, point of difference, and reason to believe, might need preliminary research.
Define your target audience and get to know it
Here is a questionnaire that will help you narrow down the appropriate audience segment of your product:
- What does your audience have in common demographically? Can you determine their age, occupation, education, income, relationship status?
- Are they based in a certain country or worldwide? What languages do they speak?
- What core values does your audience have? What would make them turn down a proposition?
- What is their buying behavior? What factors influence their decision to make a purchase (sales, limited availability)? Do they prefer online or offline shopping?
Do a market research
Another set of questions to answer:
- Which market segment does your product belong to?
- Who are your competitors, how long have they been in the industry, what are their best practices?
- What makes your brand different?
And some broad ones for your potential customers (via interviews, surveys, and focus groups):
- What would make them not purchase a product?
- What do they look for in a product?
- How much would they be willing to pay for this kind of product?
Try to imagine the whole customer journey, from first encountering a product or getting an idea of it, to the process of making a choice, all the way through completing the order.
Assess your product
To figure out the “reason to believe” variable, think of the following:
- Are there any unfulfilled customer needs that your product covers?
- How would you describe your product with adjectives?
- What are some numbers or facts that back up your assessment?
Use the positioning formula
Now you should be ready to fill in the template and create your own positioning formula:
Among [target market], [x] is the brand of [frame of reference] that [point of difference] because [reason to believe].